BeschreibungThe paper deals with the influence of different correlations of forces on policy outcomes in Brazil and South Africa. Two semi-peripheral countries of the global south with social-democrat-style reformist governments and their respective redistributive policies are chosen as case studies with comparably high levels of social inequality.
Utilizing neo-gramscian and neo-poulantzian theories as well as historical institutionalism, the Brazilian emphasis on targeted cash transfer programmes and the South African emphasis on affirmative action programmes will be explained by the different historical trajectories. Similarities concerning neo-liberal economic policy frameworks will be treated as highly dependent on the international correlation of forces, giving emphasis to recent ruptures in both cases towards a more developmentalist model of the state.
The similarities and differences of progressive policy-making will be explained by the correlations of forces on national and international levels. Differing from mainstream perspectives, the neo-gramscian framework can grasp these peculiarities, especially, if it is combined with theories of historical institutionalism. The neo-poulantzian framework is utilized in combination with those theories to contribute to the understanding of the contradictory character of different policies within the state, which is understood as the material condensation of the correlation of forces, resulting in different and contradictory policies being adopted in different state apparatuses.
|10 Sept. 2009 → 12 Sept. 2009
|5th ECPR General Conference