In this paper, conditional data augmentation (DA) is investigated for the degrees of freedom parameter ν of a Student-t distribution. Based on a restricted version of the expected augmented Fisher information, it is conjectured that the ancillarity DA is progressively more efficient for MCMC estimation than the sufficiency DA as ν increases; with the break even point lying at as low as ν≈4. The claim is examined further and generalized through a large simulation study and a application to U.S. macroeconomic time series. Finally, the ancillarity-sufficiency interweaving strategy is empirically shown to combine the benefits of both DAs. The proposed algorithm may set a new standard for estimating ν as part of any model.
Österreichische Systematik der Wissenschaftszweige (ÖFOS)
- 101018 Statistik
- 502025 Ökonometrie