Bulldozing Biodiversity: The Economics of Optimal Extinction

Publikation: Working/Discussion PaperWU Working Paper


Many conservationists have become enamoured with mainstream economic concepts and
approaches, described as pragmatic replacements for appeals to ethics and direct regulation.
Trading biodiversity using offsets is part of the resulting push for market governance that is
promoted as a more efficient means of Nature conservation. In critically evaluationg this
position I start by explaining the assumptions behind biodiversity and ecosystem valuation
and how economic logic legitimises, rather than prevents, ongoing habitat destruction and
treats species extinction as optimal. Biodiversity offsets provide a means for operationalising
trade-offs that are in the best interests of developers and make false claims to adding
productive new economic activity. Contrary to the argument that economic logic frees
conservation from ethics, I expose the ethical premises required for economists to justify
public policy support for offsets. Finally, various issues in offset design are raised and placed
in the context of a political struggle over the meaning of Nature. The overall message is that,
if conservationists continue down the path of conceptualising the world as in mainstream
economic textbooks they will be forced from one compromise to another, ultimately losing
their ability to conserve or protect anything. They will also be abandoning the rich and
meaningful human relationships with Nature that have been their raison d'être. (author's abstract)
HerausgeberWU Vienna University of Economics and Business
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2015


NameSRE - Discussion Papers

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