Causal Process Mining from Relational Databases with Domain Knowledge

Philipp Waibel, Lukas Pfahlsberger, Kate Revoredo, Jan Mendling

Publikation: Working/Discussion PaperWorking Paper/Preprint

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Abstract

The plethora of algorithms in the research field of process mining builds on directly-follows relations. Even though various improvements have been made in the last decade, there are serious weaknesses of these relationships. Once events associated with different objects that relate with a cardinality of 1:N and N:M to each other, techniques based on directly-follows relations produce spurious relations, self-loops, and back-jumps. This is due to the fact that event sequence as described in classical event logs differs from event causation. In this paper, we address the research problem of representing the causal structure of process-related event data. To this end, we develop a new approach called Causal Process Mining. This approach renounces the use of flat event logs and considers relational databases of event data as an input. More specifically, we transform the relational data structures based on the Causal Process Template into what we call Causal Event Graph. We evaluate our approach and compare its outputs with techniques based on directly-follows relations in a case study with an European food production company. Our results demonstrate that directly-follows miners produce a large number of spurious relationships, which our approach captures correctly.
OriginalspracheEnglisch
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 16 Feb. 2022

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46 pages, 5 tabels, 17 figures

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