Globalization, welfare regimes and social protection expenditures in Western and Eastern European countries

Michael Klien, Markus Leibrecht, Özlem Onaran

Publikation: Working/Discussion PaperWU Working Paper

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This paper analyzes the effects of globalization on social protection expenditures in European countries. The analysis adds to the literature due to its special focus on (a) the Eastern European countries and (b) on differences in globalization effects between welfare regimes. We find evidence in favor of the compensation hypothesis in Western Europe which is driven by the conservative welfare regime, outweighing the efficiency effect of globalization in the social-democratic welfare regime. In Eastern European countries the efficiency effect is predominant. No globalization effect is found for the liberal and the southern welfare regimes. Our results indicate some convergence within Western Europe and a divergence between the East and the West of Europe. We stress the importance of disaggregating by welfare regimes when exploring the effects of globalization on public social protection expenditures. (author's abstract)
HerausgeberSFB International Tax Coordination, WU Vienna University of Economics and Business
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2010


ReiheDiscussion Papers SFB International Tax Coordination

WU Working Paper Reihe

  • Discussion Papers SFB International Tax Coordination