International Business (IB) phenomena often encompass activities at the nation, industry, firm, and individual levels. Consequently, empirical analyses in IB often consider at least two levels of analysis; failing to do so represents omitted variable bias. In this Perspectives paper, we review and evaluate the use and misuse of multi-level methods in IB, suggesting that IB scholars often fail to employ explicitly multilevel approaches when confronted with multi-level phenomena. We also assess different multi-level modeling techniques, noting that despite different nomenclature, many are functionally equivalent, and offer suggestions for best practices in the deployment of multi-level methods in IB.
Österreichische Systematik der Wissenschaftszweige (ÖFOS)
- 502052 Betriebswirtschaftslehre
- 502003 Außenhandel