Knowledge bases, innovation and multiscalar relationships - Which kind of territorial boundedness of industrial clusters?

Franz Tödtling, Alexander Michael Auer

Publikation: Beitrag in Buch/KonferenzbandBeitrag in Sammelwerk


Innovation is a highly interdependent process nowadays where firms rely on distributed knowledge sources at various spatial scales. It has been argued that innovation interactions are shifting increasingly from local and regional towards global scales, and that the region as a space for supporting innovation and competitiveness of firms is losing in importance. We suggest, however, that firms and clusters rely on various kinds of knowledge bases and factors for their performance that differ in geographical mobility and territorial boundedness. Whereas codified knowledge, particular goods and services, investment capital, and people have become mobile at a global scale, due to modern transport- and communication technologies and lower trade barriers, we find other factors that are still territorially bound. These are e.g. tacit knowledge that is exchanged in local and social networks, as well as institutions and regulations that are confined to territories. We argue, furthermore, that industries differ in this regard and investigate to what extent driving factors for cluster development and innovation have become non-local or foot-lose, or remain territorially bound in specific types of industries. This has relevance for regional and innovation policies that try to enhance the competitiveness of clusters and regional economies.
Titel des SammelwerksRegional Clusters in a Global World - Between localization and internationalization advantages
Herausgeber*innen Fornahl, Dirk, et al.
VerlagEdward Elgar Publishing
Seiten1 - 27
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2020

Österreichische Systematik der Wissenschaftszweige (ÖFOS)

  • 507023 Standortentwicklung
  • 502039 Strukturpolitik
  • 502014 Innovationsforschung
  • 507011 Raumforschung
  • 507014 Regionalentwicklung
  • 507
  • 507016 Regionalökonomie