On the heterogeneous trade and welfare effects of GATT/WTO membership

Gabriel Felbermayr, Mario Larch, Erdal Yalcin, Yoto V. Yotov*

*Korrespondierende*r Autor*in für diese Arbeit

Publikation: Wissenschaftliche FachzeitschriftOriginalbeitrag in FachzeitschriftBegutachtung


We quantify the effects of GATT/WTO membership on trade and welfare. Using an extensive database covering manufacturing trade for 186 countries over the period 1980–2016, we find that the average partial equilibrium impact of GATT/WTO membership on trade among member countries is large, positive, and significant. We contribute to the literature by estimating country-specific estimates and find them to vary widely across the countries in our sample with poorer members benefitting more. Using these estimates, we simulate the general equilibrium effects of GATT/WTO on welfare, which are sizable and heterogeneous across members. We show that countries not experiencing positive trade effects from joining GATT/WTO can still gain in terms of welfare, due to lower import prices and higher export demand.

FachzeitschriftReview of World Economics
PublikationsstatusElektronische Veröffentlichung vor Drucklegung - 2024
Extern publiziertJa

Bibliographische Notiz

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024, The Author(s) under exclusive licence to Kiel Institute for the World Economy.