Paid and unpaid labor in non-profit organizations: Does the substitution effect exist?

Publikation: Working/Discussion Paper


In nonprofit organizations (NPOs) volunteers often work alongside paid workers. Such a coproduction setting can lead to tension between the two worker groups. This paper examines for the first time if and how volunteers influence the separation of paid employees, and thus it contributes to the debate over whether volunteers can substitute paid workers. Using Austrian data on an organizational level we find a significant impact of volunteers
on the separations of paid workers in NPOs facing increased competition. These findings support the assumption that a partial substitution effect exists between paid workers and
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2013


NameInstitute for Social Policy, Working Paper

Österreichische Systematik der Wissenschaftszweige (ÖFOS)

  • 502001 Arbeitsmarktpolitik
  • 502023 NPO-Forschung

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