Population density is a key factor in declining human fertility

Wolfgang Lutz, Maria Rita Testa, Dustin. Penn

Publikation: Wissenschaftliche FachzeitschriftOriginalbeitrag in FachzeitschriftForschungBegutachtung


In studying the complex determinants of human fertility, social scientists have given little attention to population density, although reproduction has been shown to be density-dependent for a wide variety of other species. Using fixed effects models on the time series of 145 countries and controlling for key social and economic variables, we find a consistent and significant negative relationship between human fertility and population density. Moreover, we find that individual fertility preferences also decline with population density. These findings suggest that population density should be included as a variable in future studies of fertility determinants.
Seiten (von - bis)69 - 81
FachzeitschriftPopulation and Environment
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2006
Extern publiziertJa