Sparse Bayesian Vector Autoregressions in Huge Dimensions

Gregor Kastner, Forian Huber

Publikation: Wissenschaftliche FachzeitschriftOriginalbeitrag in FachzeitschriftBegutachtung

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Abstract

We develop a Bayesian vector autoregressive (VAR) model with multivariate stochastic volatility that is capable of handling vast dimensional information sets. Three features are introduced to permit reliable estimation of the model. First, we assume that the reduced‐form errors in the VAR feature a factor stochastic volatility structure, allowing for conditional equation‐by‐equation estimation. Second, we apply recently developed global‐local shrinkage priors to the VAR coefficients to cure the curse of dimensionality. Third, we utilize recent innovations to efficiently sample from high‐dimensional multivariate Gaussian distributions. This makes simulation‐based fully Bayesian inference feasible when the dimensionality is large but the time series length is moderate. We demonstrate the merits of our approach in an extensive simulation study and apply the model to US macroeconomic data to evaluate its forecasting capabilities.
OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seiten (von - bis)1142 - 1165
FachzeitschriftJournal of Forecasting
Jahrgang39
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2020

Österreichische Systematik der Wissenschaftszweige (ÖFOS)

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