Why Opt-Out Defaults Diminish Living Organ Donations

Baris Pascal Güntürkün, Sinika Studte, Eva-Maria Merz, Michel Clement, Jonathan H. W. Tan, Eamonn Ferguson

Publikation: Beitrag in Buch/KonferenzbandBeitrag in Konferenzband


Opt-out defaults can motivate people towards more pro-social behavior and many countries have adopted opt-out policies to increase organ donation, energy conservation, or childhood vaccination. While opt-out defaults target specific cooperative behaviors (e.g., deceased organ donations), we present evidence that they can have negative spillover effects on related cooperative behaviors (e.g., living organ donations). Across three studies, we show that this effect is due to enhanced trust in organ supply under opt-out. This interpretative change reduces living organ donations by (i) undermining reputation effects and (ii) making people less willing to donate to others low in genetic relatedness and emotional closeness (e.g., stranger). Notably, these effects are larger for people with stronger pure altruistic tendencies. The findings provide initial understanding of when and why opt-out defaults have negative spillover effects and offer valuable implications for policymakers and marketers.
Titel des SammelwerksProceedings of the European Marketing Academy
Untertitel des Sammelwerks51st Annual EMAC Conference, Budapest, May 24-27, 2022
VerlagEuropean Marketing Academy (EMAC)
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 24 Mai 2022