Emergence, growth and transformation in local clusters - Environmental industries in the region of Upper Austria

  • Tödtling, F. (Contributor)
  • Alexander Auer (Contributor)
  • Tanja Sinozic (Contributor)

Activity: Talk or presentationScience to science


The environmental technology industry is considered to be a growing industry driven by urging climate-, energy- and waste problems and related regulations, among others. However, not all locations have the same preconditions for its emergence and growth. Based on regional economic, geographic and cluster theories it may be argued that particular factor- and demand conditions, regional industry structures and institutional configurations should play a role, but so far this has not been sufficiently explored. This paper focuses on the region of Upper Austria that appears to have a highly developed environmental technology industry. The sector has evolved since the beginning of 1970s with roots in engineering, machinery, and instruments firms and has experienced fast growth and transformation. The paper explores the development and evolution of the environmental technology sector in the region and the factors and conditions affecting it. Characteristic changes of the cluster in relation to national level industry are addressed. Empirical findings are based on national survey data (1993-2007) and on exploratory interviews with local industry experts and stakeholders. Findings suggest that the region is one of the dominant locations of environmental technology industry in Austria in terms of number of firms and employees and that it has been characterized by relative high growth. The sector seems to benefit from existing industries and engineering competences in the region and is also supported by two cluster initiatives.
Period27 Aug 201331 Aug 2013
Event title53rd ERSA Congress
Event typeUnkonwn
Degree of RecognitionInternational

Austrian Classification of Fields of Science and Technology (ÖFOS)

  • 502039 Structural policy
  • 507026 Economic geography
  • 507
  • 507023 Location development