Urban Growth and Energy Supply in Africa: The Case of Ethiopia

  • Andrea Höltl (Contributor)
  • Brandtweiner, R. (Contributor)
  • Tania Berger (Contributor)
  • Romana Bates (Contributor)

Activity: Talk or presentationScience to science

Description

Ethiopia is rapidly urbanising. Similar to other urban areas in developing countries, major issues in Ethiopia include a high level of income inequality, lack of formal employment opportunities and deeply rooted poverty, tenure insecurity, poor infrastructure, and limited access to electricity and energy. Frequently settlers end up in impoverished urban squatters and slums which do not offer them even the most basic infrastructure and hence lack to provide them with the perspectives they came for. Onward migration to farer off destinations such as the EU member states thus often remains as sole option for those caught in such urban poverty traps. Although the issue of informal urban settlements is not new to the context of Ethiopian cities, the current rapid urban growth rates are exposing urban rental markets as well as infrastructure and energy supply to considerable pressure. The paper investigates the respective situation in Ethiopia and demonstrates some best practice examples. In the context of Ethiopian cities, energy production and distribution have been highly centralised under state entities and the scope for exploring local/business driven and decentralised systems has been limited. Transitions can be implemented towards sustainability and the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals if collective identification and structuring of issues along with collective envisioning of future is provoked or facilitated.

Keywords: Ethiopia, informal settlements, energy supply, Paris Agreement, renewable energy, Intended Nationally Determined Contribution, Sustainable Development Goals, decentralised energy solutions
Period8 May 201810 May 2018
Event titleUrban Growth 2018: 1st International Conference on Urban Growth and the Circular Economy
Event typeUnkonwn
Degree of RecognitionInternational

Austrian Classification of Fields of Science and Technology (ÖFOS)

  • 508009 Media research
  • 502048 Business ethics
  • 508007 Communication science
  • 502052 Business administration
  • 508