A Copula Approach to Generate Non-Normal Multivariate Data for SEM

Patrick Mair, Albert Satorra, Peter M. Bentler

Publication: Working/Discussion PaperWU Working Paper


The present paper develops a procedure based on multivariate copulas for simulating multivariate non-normal data that satisfies a pre-specified covariance matrix. The covariance matrix used, can comply with a specific moment structure form (e.g., a factor analysis or a general SEM model). So the method is particularly useful for Monte Carlo evaluation of SEM models in the context of non-normal data. The new procedure for non-normal data simulation is theoretically described and also implemented on the widely used R environment. The quality of the method is assessed by performing Monte Carlo simulations. Within this context a one-sample test on the observed VC-matrix is involved. This test is robust against normality violations. This test is defined through a particular SEM setting. Finally, an example for Monte Carlo evaluation of SEM modeling of non-normal data using this method is presented.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2011

Publication series

NameResearch Report Series / Department of Statistics and Mathematics

WU Working Paper Series

  • Research Report Series / Department of Statistics and Mathematics

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