A Data Model for Describing and Exchanging Personal Achieved Learning Outcomes (PALO)

Jehad Najjar, Michael Derntl, Tomaž Klobucar, Bernd Simon, Michael Totschnig, Simon Grant, Pawlowski Jan

Publication: Scientific journalJournal articlepeer-review


Employers seek people that match particular qualifications and graduates seek jobs that match their qualifications. This market is currently managed primarily using paper certificates and heterogeneous university management systems that capture achieved learning outcomes as well as corporate information systems that capture required qualifications. In light of trends toward increased student mobility, employability and lifelong learning, this situation is less than satisfactory. Therefore, in this paper, the authors propose a schema that facilitates interoperable storage and management of Personal Achieved Learning Outcomes (PALO) based on a common data model. This paper presents use case scenarios and implementations addressing these challenges and demonstrating the added value of using such a common model.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87 - 104
JournalInternational Journal of IT Standards and Standardization Research (IJITSR)
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2010

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