A systemic approach to innovation

    Publication: Working/Discussion PaperWU Working Paper


    The objective of this paper is to increase our ability to understand the systems of innovation
    approach as a flexible and useful conceptual framework for innovation analysis. It presents an
    effort to develop some missing links and to decrease the conceptual noise often present in the
    discussions on national innovation systems. The paper specifies elements and relations that seem to
    be essential to the conceptual core of the framework and argues that there is no a priori reason to
    emphasise the national over the subnational [regional] scale as an appropriate mode for analysis,
    irrespective of time and place. Localised input-output relations between the actors of the system,
    knowledge spillovers and their untraded interdependencies lie at the centre of the arguments.
    The paper is organised as follows. It introduces the reader, first, to some basic elements and
    concepts that are central to understanding the approach. The characteristics of the innovation
    process are examined: its nature, sources and some of the factors shaping its development.
    Particular emphasis is laid on the role of knowledge creation and dissemination based on the
    fundamental distinction between codified and tacit forms. These concepts recur throughout the
    paper and particularly in discussions on the nature and specifications of the systems approach. The
    paper concludes by summarising some of the major findings of the discussion and pointing to some
    directions for future research activities. (author's abstract)
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationVienna
    PublisherWU Vienna University of Economics and Business
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2001

    Publication series

    NameDiscussion Papers of the Institute for Economic Geography and GIScience

    WU Working Paper Series

    • Discussion Papers of the Institute for Economic Geography and GIScience

    Cite this