Automation and population growth: Theory and cross-country evidence

Publication: Scientific journalJournal articlepeer-review

Abstract

We analyse the relationship between declining population growth and automation. Theoretical considerations imply that countries with lower population growth introduce automation technologies faster. We test the theoretical implication on panel data for 60 countries over the time span 1993–2013. Regression estimates support the theoretical implication, suggesting that a 1% increase in population growth is associated with an approximately 2% reduction in the growth rate of robot density. Our results are robust to the inclusion of standard control variables, different estimation methods, dynamic specifications, and changes with respect to the measurement of the stock of robots.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)345-358
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Economic Behavior and Organization
Volume208
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Austrian Classification of Fields of Science and Technology (ÖFOS)

  • 502018 Macroeconomics

Keywords

  • Automation
  • Industrial robots
  • Demographic change
  • Declining fertility

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