Beschäftigungseffekte von Arbeitszeitverkürzung. Eine makroökonomische Perspektive

Philipp Poyntner

Publication: Scientific journalJournal articlepeer-review

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Abstract

Persistently high unemployment rates in Europa have refueled the discussion of work-sharing as a means to boost employment. Theoretical as well as empirical studies do not reach a consensus whether a shorter working week increases or reduces employment. Empirical studies using microdata often find no or a negative employment effect, whereas time-series models often find a positive relationship. Building on work by Kapteyn et al. (2004), a macroeconomic model is developed to estimate long-run cointegrating relation ships. For a panel of 18 european countries, two enhancements to the literature are made. First, the average working hours of those full employed are used, limiting noise by part-time work. Second, cross-section dependencies are controlled for. The results of the ARDL model suggest a positive relationship between shorter working weeks and employment.
Original languageGerman (Austria)
Pages (from-to)665 - 684
JournalWirtschaft und Gesellschaft
Volume42
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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