Biased interpretation of performance feedback: The role of CEO overconfidence

Christian Schumacher, Steffen Keck, Wenjie Tang

Publication: Scientific journalJournal articlepeer-review

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This study examines how managerial biases in the form of overconfidence change the interpretation of performance feedback and, consequently, shape a firm's risk taking in response to it. Our formal analysis suggests that CEO overconfidence is associated with a lower willingness to increase firm risk taking when facing negative performance feedback and a higher willingness to decrease risk when facing positive feedback. An extension of our model also shows that, when firms are operating close to their survival level, the effects of CEO overconfidence will reverse. We test our predictions empirically with a sample of 847 American manufacturing firms in the years 1992 to 2014. Our results are consistent with our hypotheses and are robust to different empirical operationalizations of CEO overconfidence.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1139 - 1165
JournalStrategic Management Journal
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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