Blockchain-Based Traceability of Inter-organisational Business Processes

Claudio Di Ciccio, Alessio Cecconi, Jan Mendling, Dominik Felix, Dominik Haas, Daniel Lilek, Florian Riel, Andreas Rumpl, Philipp Uhlig

Publication: Chapter in book/Conference proceedingContribution to conference proceedings

Abstract

Blockchain technology opens up new opportunities for Business Process Management. This is mainly due to its unprecedented capability to let transactions be automatically executed and recorded by Smart Contracts in multi-peer environments, in a decentralised fashion and without central authoritative players to govern the workflow. In this way, blockchains also provide traceability. Traceability of information plays a pivotal role particularly in those supply chains where multiple parties are involved and rigorous criteria must be fulfilled to lead to a successful outcome. In this paper, we investigate how to run a business process in the context of a supply chain on a blockchain infrastructure so as to provide full traceability of its run-time enactment. Our approach retrieves information to trace process instances execution solely from the transactions written on-chain. To do so, hash-codes are reverse-engineered based on the Solidity Smart Contract encoding of the generating process. We show the results of our investigation by means of an implemented software prototype, with a case study on the reportedly challenging context of the pharmaceutical supply chain.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBusiness Modeling and Software Design - 8th International Symposium, BMSD 2018, July 2-4, 2018, Proceedings
Editors Boris Shishkov
Place of PublicationVienna, Austria
PublisherSpringer
Pages56 - 68
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-94214-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Austrian Classification of Fields of Science and Technology (ÖFOS)

  • 102022 Software development
  • 102
  • 502017 Logistics
  • 102001 Artificial intelligence
  • 102013 Human-computer interaction
  • 502
  • 502050 Business informatics

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