Cargo Security Initiatives in the EU and the USA, their Impact on Business Operations and Mutual Recognition with Focus on AEO and C-TPAT

Attila Szelp

Publication: Working/Discussion PaperWU Working Paper

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The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 had a tremendous impact on
international trade policy. The USA was the first country to introduce cargo security and
facilitation measures as a counteraction. The EU and international organizations also
established new security programs in order to better secure cargo movements across
borders. This thesis gives an overview of security initiatives introduced by international
organizations, the EU and the USA, with an emphasis on the trade facilitation
programs Authorised Economic Operator (AEO) and Customs-Trade Partnership
against Terrorism (C-TPAT) and a comparison of them. The process towards mutual
recognition of these programs is then described. Three case studies put the topic
under the microscope: The perception as well as actual benefits and disadvantages
from economic actors' points of view are presented and implementation and
operational processes in companies are demonstrated. The case studies include port
authorities, carriers and logistics providers. Finally, the author reflects on his findings. (author's abstract)

Publication series

SeriesSchriftenreihe des Instituts für Transportwirtschaft und Logistik - Logistik

WU Working Paper Series

  • Schriftenreihe des Instituts für Transportwirtschaft und Logistik - Logistik

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