Cognitive Ability and In-group Bias: An Experimental Study

Fabian Paetzel, Rupert Sausgruber

Publication: Working/Discussion PaperWU Working Paper

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Abstract

We study the role of performance differences in a task requiring cognitive effort on in-group bias. We show that the in-group bias is strong in groups consisting of high-performing members, and it is weak in low-performing groups. This holds although high-performing subjects exhibit no in-group bias as members of minimal groups, whereas low-performing subjects strongly do. We also observe instances of low-performing subjects punishing the in-group favoritism of low-performing peers. The same does not occur in high-performing or minimal groups where subjects generally accept that decisions are in-group biased.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationVienna
PublisherWU Vienna University of Economics and Business
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018

Publication series

NameDepartment of Economics Working Paper Series
No.265

WU Working Paper Series

  • Department of Economics Working Paper Series

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