Competencies of firms, external knowledge sourcing, and types of innovation in regions of Europe.

Franz Tödtling, Markus Grillitsch, Christoph Höglinger

Publication: Working/Discussion Paper


Many innovation studies have focused on a narrow concept of technological innovation such as the generation of patents, or the introduction of new products. The performance of firms, however, often depends on innovation defined from a broader perspective. This includes process, organizational and market innovations as was pointed out already by Schumpeter and more recently by other scholars and the OECD. Still underexplored, however, are the questions on what kinds of knowledge sources such different types of innovations rely and which spatial levels (regional, national, international) are most relevant for acquiring knowledge. Also sector- and regional contexts are argued to matter for knowledge sourcing and innovation. Drawing on the concepts of knowledge bases and innovation systems we investigate these relationships by analyzing evidence from seven European countries regarding patterns of knowledge sourcing and their relation to innovation. Based on a multivariate model we are able to show that product, process, strategic and organizational innovations rely on partly similar, partly different types and sources of knowledge reaching from regional to global levels. We also found evidence that sector contexts and the institutional characteristics of regions and countries matter.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2011

Publication series

NameSRE Discussion Papers

Austrian Classification of Fields of Science and Technology (ÖFOS)

  • 507016 Regional economy
  • 509 not use (legacy)
  • 502047 Economic theory
  • 502014 Innovation research

Cite this