Culture as Context: A Five-Country Study of Discretionary Green Workplace Behavior

Yuan Jiang, Susan E. Jackson*, Hanbo Shim, Pawan Budhwar, Douglas W.S. Renwick, Charbel Jose Chiappetta Jabbour, Ana Beatriz Lopes de Sousa Jabbour, Guiyao Tang, Michael Müller-Camen, Marcus Wagner, Andrea Kim

*Corresponding author for this work

Publication: Scientific journalJournal articlepeer-review


To understand the conditions that support employee green behavior across cultures, we develop and test a conceptual model that describes how normative cues from work team leaders and peers in combination with country cultural norms shape discretionary green workplace behavior. Data from 1,605 employees in five countries indicate that power distance moderates the positive relationships observed between the discretionary green workplace behavior of leaders and their subordinates. In addition, an observed positive relationship between team green advocacy and individual discretionary green workplace behavior held across both collectivistic and individualistic cultures, contrary to our predictions. By taking macro-level cultural context into account and examining its interplay with lower-level work team norms, the study makes a significant contribution to understanding and intervening employees’ discretionary green behavior at work.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)499-522
Number of pages24
JournalOrganization & Environment
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2022.


  • environmental attitudes and behavior
  • leadership
  • methods—quantitative
  • organizational behavior
  • organizational behavior and the environment
  • social construction
  • survey research

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