Demographic change, growth and agglomeration

Theresa Grafeneder-Weissteiner

Publication: Working/Discussion PaperWU Working Paper

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Abstract

This article presents a framework within which the effects of demographic change on both agglomeration and growth of economic activities can be analyzed. I introduce an overlapping generation structure into a New Economic Geography model with endogenous growth due to learning spillovers and focus on the effects of demographic structures on long-run equilibrium outcomes and stability properties. First, life-time uncertainty is shown to decrease long-run economic growth perspectives. In doing so, it also mitigates the pro-growth effects of agglomeration resulting from the localized nature of learning externalities. Second, the turnover of generations acts as a dispersion force whose anti-agglomerative effects are, however, dampened by the growth-linked circular causality being present as long as interregional knowledge spillovers are not perfect. Finally, lifetime uncertainty also reduces the possibility that agglomeration is the result of a self-fulfilling prophecy. (author's abstract)
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationVienna
PublisherDepartment of Economics, WU Vienna University of Economics and Business
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Publication series

NameDepartment of Economics Working Paper Series
No.132

WU Working Paper Series

  • Department of Economics Working Paper Series

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