Dependent Forms of Self-employment in the UK. Identifying Workers on the Border between Employment and Self-Employment.

Rene Böheim, Ulrike Muehlberger

Publication: Working/Discussion PaperWU Working Paper

Abstract

We analyse the characteristics of workers who provide work on the basis of a civil or commercial contract, but who are dependent on or integrated into the firm for which they work. We argue that these dependent self-employed lose their rights under labour law, receive less favourable benefits from social security protection and are often beyond trade union representation and collective bargaining. Using data from the British Labour Force Survey we test two hypotheses: (1) Dependent self-employed workers are significantly different from both employees and (independent) self-employed individuals, thus forming a distinct group. (2) Dependent selfemployed workers have lower labour market skills, less labour market attachment and, thus, less autonomy than self-employed workers. The data support our hypothesis that dependent selfemployed workers are a distinct labour market group which differs from both employees and independent self-employed individuals. Men, older workers, those with low education and a low job tenure have greater odds of working in dependent self-employment than their counterparts. Our results suggest that dependent forms of self-employment are used by firms to increase labour flexibility. (author's abstract)
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationVienna
PublisherInst. für Volkswirtschaftstheorie und -politik, WU Vienna University of Economics and Business
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Publication series

NameDepartment of Economics Working Paper Series
No.91

WU Working Paper Series

  • Department of Economics Working Paper Series

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