Detecting flight trajectory anomalies and predicting diversions in freight transportation

Claudio Di Ciccio, Han van der Aa, Cristina Cabanillas Macias, Jan Mendling, Johannes Prescher

Publication: Scientific journalJournal articlepeer-review

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Timely identifying flight diversions is a crucial aspect of efficient multi-modal transportation. When an airplane diverts, logistics providers must promptly adapt their transportation plans in order to ensure proper delivery despite such an unexpected event. In practice, the different parties in a logistics chain do not exchange real-time information related to flights. This calls for a means to detect diversions that just requires publicly available data, thus being independent of the communication between different parties. The dependence on public data results in a challenge to detect anomalous behavior without knowing the planned flight trajectory. Our work addresses this challenge by introducing a prediction model that just requires information on an airplane's position, velocity, and intended destination. This information is used to distinguish between regular and anomalous behavior. When an airplane displays anomalous behavior for an extended period of time, the model predicts a diversion. A quantitative evaluation shows that this approach is able to detect diverting airplanes with excellent precision and recall even without knowing planned trajectories as required by related research. By utilizing the proposed prediction model, logistics companies gain a significant amount of response time for these cases.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1 - 17
JournalDecision Support Systems (DSS)
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Austrian Classification of Fields of Science and Technology (ÖFOS)

  • 102022 Software development
  • 102
  • 502017 Logistics
  • 102001 Artificial intelligence

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