Does parental leave influence the gender division of labour? Recent empirical findings from Europe.

Helene Dearing

    Publication: Working/Discussion PaperWU Working Paper

    Abstract

    There has been increasingly interest in parental leave policies as instruments for the implementation of gender equality in society. This review essay explores the link between parental leave policies and the gender division of labour - referring to both paid employment and unpaid family work. Against this backdrop the essay systematically reviews evidence from quantitative empirical research on the effects of parental leave policies on mothers' employment and fathers' involvement in family work. The article suggests that there are several aspects of parental leave that seem to be especially relevant for the gender division of labour, such as the duration of leave, the provision of payments, and an individual entitlement of non-transferable leave rights. In a concluding section the article summarizes the results, discusses doubts and questions raised by the material and identifies promising areas of future research that are crucial for a better understanding of the effects of parental leave on the gender division of labour. (author's abstract)
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationVienna
    PublisherInstitut für Sozialpolitik, WU Vienna University of Economics and Business
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2015

    Publication series

    NameWorking Papers / Institut für Sozialpolitik
    No.01/2015

    Bibliographical note

    Updated version

    WU Working Paper Series

    • Working Papers / Institut für Sozialpolitik

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