Dual Use Research. Kooperationen der k. k. Kriegsmarine und der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien

Publication: Chapter in book/Conference proceedingChapter in edited volume


Using the example of research co-operations between Military and science, this article demonstrates that the so-called »dual use« principle was already applied inthe late eighteenth and even more so in the nineteenth century. Central to this strategy was the pursuit of crucial militaryinformation, economic interests as well as attempts of colonialization and educational goals. At the same time, the gain of scientific Knowledge in the fields of geography, astronomy, oceanography, zoology, botany, and anthropology played acrucial role. By focusing on the Novara expedition in particular,the article exemplifies the mutual support between the imperial and royal Habsburg navy and the Imperial Academy of Sciences, founded in Vienna in 1847.
Original languageGerman (Austria)
Title of host publicationWandlungen und Brüche. Wissenschaftsgeschichte als politische Geschichte
Editors Johannes Feichtínger/Marianne Klemun/Jan Surman/Petra Svatek
Place of PublicationWien
PublisherVandenhoeck und Ruprecht
Pages145 - 154
ISBN (Print)9783847109143
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Austrian Classification of Fields of Science and Technology (ÖFOS)

  • 502049 Economic history
  • 508009 Media research
  • 603105 Philosophy of history
  • 603115 Philosophical anthropology
  • 601016 Austrian history
  • 601007 Historical regional studies
  • 601008 Science of history
  • 601014 Modern history
  • 601005 European history
  • 504026 Social history
  • 601022 Contemporary history
  • 601020 Regional history
  • 507021 Urban history
  • 603123 History of science

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