Efficiency Analysis of European Freight Villages-Three Peers for Benchmarking

Congcong Yang, Alfred Taudes, Guozhi Dong

Publication: Working/Discussion PaperWU Working Paper

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Measuring the performance of Freight Villages (FVs) has important implications for logistics companies and other related companies as well as governments. In this paper we apply Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) to measure the performance of European FVs in a purely data-driven way incorporating the nature of FVs as complex operations that use multiple inputs and produce several outputs. We employ several DEA models and perform a complete sensitivity analysis of the appropriateness of the chosen input and output variables, and an assessment of the robustness of the efficiency score. It turns out that about half of the 20 FVs analyzed are inefficient, with utilization of the intermodal area and warehouse capacity and level of goods handed the being the most important areas of improvement. While we find no significant differences in efficiency between FVs of different sizes and in different countries, it turns out that the FVs Eurocentre Toulouse, Interporto Quadrante Europa and GVZ Nürnberg constitute more than 90% of the benchmark share.

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SeriesWorking Papers on Information Systems, Information Business and Operations

WU Working Paper Series

  • Working Papers on Information Systems, Information Business and Operations

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