Examining the association of welfare state expenditure, non-profit regimes and charitable giving

Publication: Scientific journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


This paper explores cross-country variations in charitable giving and investigates the association of welfare state policies with private philanthropy. Hypotheses are drawn from crowding-out theory and considerations about the influence of a country’s mixed economy of welfare. We add to the on-going discussion concerning the crowding-out hypothesis with empirical evidence by looking at specific charitable subsectors people donate to across countries. Using Eurobarometer survey data that include 23 countries, we find no evidence for a crowding-out effect, but rather a crosswise crowding-in effect of private donations. Moreover, giving behaviour differs between non-profit regimes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)532 - 555
JournalVoluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Austrian Classification of Fields of Science and Technology (ÖFOS)

  • 502023 NPO research
  • 509012 Social policy

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