Globalization, welfare regimes and social protection expenditures in Western and Eastern European countries

Michael Klien, Markus Leibrecht, Özlem Onaran

Publication: Working/Discussion PaperWU Working Paper


This paper analyzes the effects of globalization on social protection expenditures in European countries. The analysis adds to the literature due to its special focus on (a) the Eastern European countries and (b) on differences in globalization effects between welfare regimes. We find evidence in favor of the compensation hypothesis in Western Europe which is driven by the conservative welfare regime, outweighing the efficiency effect of globalization in the social-democratic welfare regime. In Eastern European countries the efficiency effect is predominant. No globalization effect is found for the liberal and the southern welfare regimes. Our results indicate some convergence within Western Europe and a divergence between the East and the West of Europe. We stress the importance of disaggregating by welfare regimes when exploring the effects of globalization on public social protection expenditures. (author's abstract)
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationVienna
PublisherSFB International Tax Coordination, WU Vienna University of Economics and Business
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Publication series

NameDiscussion Papers SFB International Tax Coordination

WU Working Paper Series

  • Discussion Papers SFB International Tax Coordination

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