Housing Market and Current Account Imbalances in the International Economy

Maria Teresa Punzi

Publication: Scientific journalJournal articlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper presents a two-sector, two-country model showing that inflation in the housing market, a low personal savings rate, and a construction investment boom can contribute to a large current account deficit. In the model, demand by a group of households in the domestic country is constrained by the availability of collateral. This implies more procyclical debt capacity because constrained households can borrow against the increase in the value of their houses during an expansion. A higher degree of financial liberalization and development helps constrained households reach higher loan-to-value ratios, thus relaxing their borrowing constraints. The resulting higher net worth and lower need for savings imply a worsening current account.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)601 - 613
JournalReview of International Economics
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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