How does perceived underemployment influence expatriate job-related outcomes? A moderated mediation study

Norifumi Kawai, Alexander Mohr

Publication: Scientific journalJournal articlepeer-review


Although research has investigated the consequences of underemployment in domestic settings, research on the effects of underemployment among expatriates remains limited and has yielded inconsistent results. From a theoretical perspective, there is a need for a better understanding of the mechanisms through which underemployment affects various work-related outcomes and to account for potential contingencies. Drawing on the person-job fit literature and research on organizational identification, we theorise and empirically examine how and under what conditions underemployment influences expatriate performance. Using an original primary data-set of 103 Japanese expatriate managers in the UK, we find that underemployment affects expatriate work outcomes by increasing expatriates’ maladjustment and that this effect is moderated by the level to which expatriates identify with their organization.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1 - 27
JournalInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Perceived underemployment
  • expatriate performance
  • organizational identification
  • person-job fit theory
  • work maladjustment

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