Innovation, Knowledge Creation and Systems of Innovation

    Publication: Working/Discussion PaperWU Working Paper

    Abstract

    The main objective of this paper is to provide greater understanding of the systems
    of innovation approach as a flexible and useful conceptual framework for spatial innovation
    analysis. It presents an effort to develop some missing links and to decrease the conceptual
    noise often present in the discussions on national innovation systems. The paper specifies
    elements and relations that seem to be essential to the conceptual core of the framework and
    argues that there is no a priori reason to emphasize the national over the subnational
    (regional) scale as an appropriate mode for analysis, irrespective of time and place. Localised
    input-output relations between the actors of the system, knowledge spillovers and their
    untraded interdependencies lie at the centre of the argument.
    The paper is organized as follows. It introduces the reader, first, to some basic elements
    and concepts that are central to understanding the approach. The characteristics of the
    innovation process are examined: its nature, sources and some of the factors shaping its
    development. Particular emphasis is laid on the role of knowledge creation and dissemination
    based on the fundamental distinction between codified and tacit forms. These concepts recur
    throughout the paper and particularly in discussions on the nature and specifications of the
    systems approach. The paper concludes by summarizing some of the major findings of the
    discussion and pointing to some directions for future research activities. (author's abstract)
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationVienna
    PublisherWU Vienna University of Economics and Business
    Publication statusPublished - 2000

    Publication series

    NameDiscussion Papers of the Institute for Economic Geography and GIScience
    No.71/00

    WU Working Paper Series

    • Discussion Papers of the Institute for Economic Geography and GIScience

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