Labour market polarisation revisited: evidence from Austrian vacancy data

Laura Samantha Zilian, Stella Sophie Zilian, Georg Jäger

Publication: Scientific journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Recent research suggests that new technologies are important drivers of empirically observed labour market polarisation. Many analyses in the field of economics are conducted to evaluate the changing share of employment in low-skill, medium-skill and high-skill occupations over time. This occupation-based approach, however, may neglect the relevance of specific skills and skill bundles, which potentially can be used to explain the observable patterns of labour market polarisation. This paper adds to the literature in two ways: First, we present the results of an analysis of data on job vacancies rather than the currently employed and, second, we derive occupation-defining skills using network analysis tools. The analysis and tool usage allowed us to investigate polarisation patterns in Austrian vacancy data from 2007 to 2017 and identify changes in the skills demanded in job vacancies in Austria. In contrast to most previous research, we find no evidence for polarisation, but rather a trend towards upskilling.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal for Labour Market Research (früher: Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung)
Volume55
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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