Lemmings in the Crowd: Success and Failure of Crowdfunding Platforms

Eliana Baici, Laura Capraro, Martin Zagler

Publication: Scientific journalJournal articlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper investigates the determinants of success and failure of crowdfunding. We have drawn a random sample of 120 crowdfunding initiatives from the crowdfunding platforms Kickstarter and Indiegogo. We extracted relevant characteristics of the project and tracked their performance over a 30 day period. Using probit models, GLS estimators and dynamic panel methods, we estimated success probabilities. We found that crowdfunding is extremely persistent, and early success in attracting financing will improve the chance to get funded in the end. Presentation and instant gratification matters, as do moderate financial goals. We have not found any sectoral bias, which would be a direct indication of market inefficiencies. However, we observe a bias towards projects launched by all male project teams. There are no obvious explanations for this gap, so we must conclude that crowdfunding exhibits a gender bias.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337 - 350
JournalInternational Review of Social Sciences (Rivista Internazionale di Scienze Sociali)
Volume125
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Austrian Classification of Fields of Science and Technology (ÖFOS)

  • 502047 Economic theory
  • 502010 Public finance
  • 502046 Economic policy

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