Market size and TFP in the Melitz model

Gabriel Felbermayr, Benjamin Jung

Publication: Scientific journalJournal articlepeer-review


Trade theory in the Krugman tradition predicts a positive correlation between market size and countries’ total factor productivity (TFP). However, in the data, there is no such correlation. Models with heterogeneous firms and selection
can reconcile theory and empirics, when the degree of external economies of scale is lower than assumed in the standard CES case. Realistically, larger countries have an over-proportionate share of firms. With export selection, these countries have more input varieties available, but they also have a lower average productivity of firms. Which of these effects dominates depends on the degree of external economies of scale.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)869 - 891
JournalReview of International Economics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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