Stability is a major requirement to draw reliable conclusions when interpreting results from supervised statistical learning. In this paper, we present a general framework for assessing and comparing the stability of results, that can be used in real-world statistical learning applications or in benchmark studies. We use the framework to show that stability is a property of both the algorithm and the data-generating process. In particular, we demonstrate that unstable algorithms (such as recursive partitioning) can produce stable results when the functional form of the relationship between the predictors and the response matches the algorithm. Typical uses of the framework in practice would be to compare the stability of results generated by different candidate algorithms for a data set at hand or to assess the stability of algorithms in a benchmark study. Code to perform the stability analyses is provided in the form of an R-package.
Original language | English |
---|
Publication status | Published - 2017 |
---|
Name | Research Report Series / Department of Statistics and Mathematics |
---|
No. | 131 |
---|
- 101018 Statistics
- 501
- 509013 Social statistics
- 509
- Research Report Series / Department of Statistics and Mathematics