Paid and unpaid labor in nonprofit-organizations: Does the subsitutions effect exist?

Publication: Working/Discussion PaperWU Working Paper

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In nonprofit organizations (NPOs) volunteers often work alongside paid workers. Such a coproduction setting can lead to tension between the two worker groups. This paper examines for the first time if and how volunteers influence the separation of paid employees, and thus it contributes to the debate over whether volunteers can substitute paid workers. Using Austrian data on an organizational level we find a significant impact of volunteers on the separations of paid workers in NPOs facing increased competition. These findings support the assumption that a partial substitution effect exists between paid workers and volunteers.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationVienna
PublisherInstitut für Sozialpolitik, WU Vienna University of Economics and Business
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Publication series

SeriesWorking Papers / Institut für Sozialpolitik

Bibliographical note

Earlier version

Austrian Classification of Fields of Science and Technology (ÖFOS)

  • 502001 Labour market policy
  • 502023 NPO research

WU Working Paper Series

  • Working Papers / Institut für Sozialpolitik

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