Population growth and automation density: theory and cross-country evidence

Publication: Working/Discussion PaperWU Working Paper

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Abstract

We analyze the effects of declining population growth on automation. Theoretical considerations imply that countries with lower population growth introduce automation technologies faster. We test the theoretical implication on panel data for 60 countries over the time span 1993-2013. Regression estimates support the theoretical implication, suggesting that a 1% increase in population growth is associated with an approximately 2% reduction in the growth rate of robot density. Our results are robust to the inclusion of standard control variables, different estimation methods, dynamic specifications, and changes with respect to the measurement of the stock of robots.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationVienna
PublisherWU Vienna University of Economics and Business
Number of pages50
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2021

Publication series

NameDepartment of Economics Working Paper Series
No.315

WU Working Paper Series

  • Department of Economics Working Paper Series

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