This paper discusses the effects of the changing economic conditions on the regional development of workplaces and industrial structure in Austria in the seventies. The first part briefly presents the expectations, which can be derived from theory in this context. The second part, by the use of the industrial censuses 1973 and 1981 for Austria, analyses the changes in the spatial distribution of employment in this period and whether they correspond to the theoretical expectations. Besides the changes in total employment, particular emphasis is laid upon shifts between the secondary and the tertiary sector, upon the developments of low-skill versus "information and knowledge"-industries
and the changes in organizational characteristics of
plants (endogenous versus externally contr olled plants). Some of the results contradict the theoretical expectations, for example a marked spatial deconcentration and employment growth in rural areas even in skill intensive and service sectors and in endogenous plants and an increasing external control in agglomerations.