Shock propagation in international multilayer food-production network determines global food availability: the case of the Ukraine war

Moritz Laber, Peter Klimek, Martin Bruckner, Liuhuaying Yang, Stefan Thurner

Publication: Working/Discussion PaperWorking Paper/Preprint

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The war in Ukraine highlighted the vulnerability of the global food supply system. Due to dependencies in the global food-production network, the local loss of one crop can lead to shortages in other countries and affect other products made from it. Previous studies treat products in isolation and do not account for product conversion during production. Here, we reveal the losses of 125 food products after a localized shock to agricultural production in 192 countries using a multilayer network model of trade (direct) and conversion of food products (indirect), thereby quantifying $10^8$ shock transmissions. We find that a complete agricultural production loss in Ukraine has highly heterogeneous impacts on other countries, causing relative losses of 89% in sunflower oil and 85% in maize via direct effects, and up to 25% in poultry meat via indirect impacts. Our model offers a general framework to assess systemic risks in the food system
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 4 Oct 2022

Bibliographical note

23 pages, 7 figures


  • econ.GN
  • physics.soc-ph
  • q-fin.EC

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