Soziale Klassenzugehörigkeit und dauerhafte Armutslagen in Österreich. Eine Betrachtung der Entstrukturierungsthese für 1996 bis 2008. Working Paper 01/2012 des Instituts für Sozialpolitik

Stefan Angel

Publication: Working/Discussion PaperWorking Paper/Preprint


This paper focouses on the relationship between social class (Erikson-Goldthorpe-Portocarero) and
poverty in Austria. Based on theoretical discussions following the Bremer Poverty Studies in the 1990s
it is investigated whether the association between poverty and social class has become more
disentangled or not during the last two decades. One strand of the literature argues that this has not
been the case, especially for long term poverty. Here, I follow this argumentation and employ several
poverty definitions, both long and short-term. By including income as well as deprivation dimensions
it is checked whether the relationship is sensitive to specific poverty concepts. The data source for the
empirical tests is ECHP and EU-SILC panel data for Austria covering two time periodes, 1996 to 2000
and 2005 to 2008 respectively. Multivariate logistic regressions models and seeminlgy unrelated
estimation methods are used to test for any significant changes in the coefficients of interesst (social
class). The results show, that there is a significant relationship between social class and all poverty
indicators for the 1996 to 2000 period. In 2005 to 2008 this holds only for more restrictive poverty
concepts. Second, the estimations show that the relationship between class and long-term poverty
does not change between the two time periods. If only cross-sectional poverty conepts are modeled,
a significant relationship with social class can be found for income poverty in 1995 and 2005 and for
deprivation in 1996. All in all, based on the evidence used, there is no clear support for a
disentanglement of social class and long-term poverty in Austria.
Original languageGerman (Austria)
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2012

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