Stakeholder engagement through gamification: effects of user motivation on psychological and behavioral stakeholder reactions

Jens Seiffert-Brockmann, Wolfgang Weitzl, Magdalena Henriks

Publication: Scientific journalJournal articlepeer-review


The purpose of this paper is to research the role of stakeholder motivation in the context of gamification. The authors suggest, that a player’s motivation, is a key determinant of psychological engagement and subsequently, behavioral engagement. To examine stakeholder engagement through gamification, the authors propose a research model that links gamer types, i.e. a gamer’s motivation, with engagement and potential effects beyond the gamified content.
Online survey with 90 active users of a gamified application, followed by a multiple regression analysis. The findings of the study suggest that a gamer’s typology, i.e. her underlying motivation, positively influences psychological stakeholder engagement toward gamified content and indirectly behavioral stakeholder engagement toward the communication instrument (i.e. the app) itself. The findings suggest that particularly gamified content that targets a person’s need toward achievement is a key driver of behavioral engagement toward an application. Thus, gamer types seem to be a good predictor for engagement on the part of stakeholders. This research provides first empirical evidence about the effectiveness of gamification of mobile service apps and the critical role of stakeholder engagement. However, several limitations have to be noted: first, the study was conducted with only a single mobile app which targets only a specific audience and which only conveys specific types of gamified content. Second, given the small sample size and sampling approach the findings should be interpreted with care in respect to its reliability, validity and robustness. Third, as only a fraction of the variance of behavioral engagement was explained by the research, future studies should investigate additional variables that drive app usage (e.g. perceived informational value).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67 - 78
JournalJournal of Communication Management
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes

Austrian Classification of Fields of Science and Technology (ÖFOS)

  • 211903 Science of management
  • 502019 Marketing
  • 502020 Market research

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