The missing media

Jens Seiffert-Brockmann, Howard Nothhaft

Publication: Scientific journalJournal articlepeer-review


The discussion about the implications of new or digital media focuses mainly on ‘social’ media. This reduction is a conceptual shortcoming. In order to fully understand how digital media impact on society and the communication landscape, our conceptualisation needs to include new entertainment media, especially computer games. Interactivity here might mean interaction with the AI (artificial intelligence) or human players or both, but the crucial difference lies in the fact that the interaction takes place in a ‘world’ created by the software. Despite the discussion about ‘gamification’ in marketing and a tradition of game studies in the humanities, there have been few attempts to treat computer games not only as trivial culture, but as a “persuasive device”, as a way to shape public opinion. This article explores how the theory of procedural rhetoric, as outlined by Ian Bogost, enhances our understanding of this growing area.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)254 - 263
JournalPublic Relations Review
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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