The regional transmission of uncertainty shocks on income inequality in the United States

Manfred M. Fischer, Florian Huber, Michael Pfarrhofer

Publication: Scientific journalJournal articlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper explores the relationship between household income inequality and macro-economic uncertainty in the United States. Using a novel large-scale macroeconometric model, we shed light on regional disparities of inequality responses to a national uncertainty shock. The results suggest that income inequality decreases in most states, with a pronounced degree of heterogeneity in terms of the dynamic responses. By contrast, some few states, mostly located in the Midwest, display increasing levels of income inequality over time. Forecast error variance and historical decompositions highlight the importance of uncertainty shocks in explaining income inequality in most regions considered. Finally, we explain differences in the responses of income inequality by means of a simple regression analysis. These regressions reveal that the income composition as well as labor market fundamentals determine the directional pattern of the dynamic responses.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)887 - 900
JournalJournal of Economic Behavior and Organization
Volume183
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Austrian Classification of Fields of Science and Technology (ÖFOS)

  • 507026 Economic geography
  • 507003 Geoinformatics

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