The Role of Age and Gender in Education Expansion

Publication: Working/Discussion PaperWU Working Paper

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Abstract

Using the IIASA/VID dataset of populations by age, sex and level of education, I calculate education Gini coeffients and decompose the overall degree of educational in- equality into age, sex and within-group components. I analyze the relative relevance of these components for inequality reduction and investigate the distributional outcomes of education expansion. I find that, on average, equalization between males and females, younger and older cohorts as well as within these subgroups of the population has signif- icantly contributed to declining educational inequality over the observed sample period around the globe. But the relative role of these components fluctuates in the process of education expansion. First, as improvements are initiated by enhancing the educational opportunities of the youth, the gap between cohorts widens in transition phases but van- ishes thereafter. Second, gaps between sexes have been reduced but are predicted to widen again if either males or females are the first to enter higher education levels. To a lesser extent, this is also true for gaps within population subgroups which can be due to the ethnic background or the social and economic status of people.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Publication series

NameINEQ Working Paper Series
No.4

Austrian Classification of Fields of Science and Technology (ÖFOS)

  • 502025 Econometrics
  • 502046 Economic policy

WU Working Paper Series

  • INEQ Working Paper Series

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