The Role of Space in the Creation of Knowledge in Austria. An Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis

Manfred M. Fischer, Josef Fröhlich, Helmut Gassler, Attila Varga

    Publication: Working/Discussion PaperWU Working Paper

    Abstract

    The paper makes a modest attempt to shed some light on the role of space in the creation of <br/>technological knowledge in Austria. The study is exploratory rather than explanatory in nature and <br/>based on descriptive techniques such as Moran¿s I test for spatial autocorrelation and the Moran <br/>scatterplot. Clusters of the knowledge ¿output¿ [measured in terms of patent counts] are compared <br/>with spatial concentration patterns of two input measures of knowledge production: private R&D <br/>and academic research. In addition, employment in manufacturing is utilised to capture <br/>agglomeration economies. The analysis is based on data aggregated for two digit SIC industries <br/>and at the level of Austrian political districts. It explores the extent to which knowledge spillovers <br/>are mediated by spatial proximity in Austria. A time-space comparison makes it possible to study <br/>whether divergence or convergence processes in knowledge creation have occurred in the past two <br/>decades. As in the case of any exploratory data analysis, the findings need to be treated with <br/>caution and should be viewed only as an initial pre-modelling stage in the enterprise. Future <br/>research activities will be devoted to further exploring the issue of local university knowledge <br/>spillovers within a refined production framework (see Griliches 1979). (authors' abstract)
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationVienna
    PublisherWU Vienna University of Economics and Business
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2001

    Publication series

    NameDiscussion Papers of the Institute for Economic Geography and GIScience
    No.76/01

    WU Working Paper Series

    • Discussion Papers of the Institute for Economic Geography and GIScience

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